Ljudi i faktori rizika za anemiju

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Ljudi i faktori rizika za anemiju

Ljudi u riziku

  • The žene having heavy periods.
  • The trudnice or who are breastfeeding, as they are more at risk of nutritional deficiencies.
  • Ljudi čijinasljednost predisposes them to anemia.
  • Ljudi sa hronična bolest, an autoimmune disease or trouble gastro-intestinal (may cause bleeding or interfere with nutrient absorption).
  • The stariji, because the absorption of vitamins may be compromised.
  • People exposed to nuclear radiation or who have received treatment for radioterapija protiv raka.
  • Ljudi sa severe viral infection, such as hepatitis or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

 

Faktori rizika

  • A deficient diet iron, vitamin B9 (folic acid) or vitamin B12. Vegans are more at risk of a lack of vitamin B12 and iron because they do not consume animal protein.
  • THEalkoholizam.
  • The consumption of some farmaceutske proizvode. For example, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and blood thinners can cause internal bleeding.

     

    Other drugs can interfere with the absorption or metabolism offolna kiselina. Examples include Dilantin®, an anticonvulsant, and methotrexate, an immunosuppressant. They can cause folic acid deficiency anemia when taken long term. The risk is increased in people with low folic acid stores. As this interaction is well known, people who need to take this type of medication are also prescribed folic acid supplements.

  • Izloženost određenim hemijska hrana, especially lead.

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