Faktori rizika za poremećaje hranjenja (anoreksija, bulimija, prejedanje)

Faktori rizika za poremećaje hranjenja (anoreksija, bulimija, prejedanje)

Eating disorders are complex and multifactorial diseases, the origins of which are at the same time biological, psychological, social and environmental. Thus, more and more studies show that genetic and neurobiological factors play a role in the appearance of TCA.

Nivoi od Serotonin, a neurotransmitter that regulates not only mood, but also appetite, may be altered in patients with ACT.

Several psychological factors can also come into play. Certain personality traits, such as perfectionism, the need for control or attention, low self-esteem, are frequently found in people with AAD.7. Likewise, traumas or hard-to-live events can trigger the disorder or make it worse.

Finally, several specialists denounce the influence of Western culture which praises slender, even thin, bodies on young girls. They risk aiming for a physical “ideal” far removed from their physiology, and becoming obsessed with their diet and weight.

In addition, TCA is frequently associated with other mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, substance abuse (drugs, alcohol) or personality disorders. People with TCA have an impaired ability to regulate their emotions. Deviant eating behavior is often a way of “dealing” with emotions, such as stress, anxiety, work pressure. The behavior provides a feeling of comfort, relief, even if it is sometimes associated with a strong guilt (especially in case of overeating).

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